Question: What Is Pity And Fear?

What is fear According to Aristotle?

Fear is one of the emotions aroused in the audience of a tragedy.

This fear results, Aristotle seems to suggest, when the audience members understand that they, as human beings bound by universal laws, are subject to the same fate that befalls the tragic hero..

What are the six elements of tragedy?

Aristotle distinguished six elements of tragedy: “plot, characters, verbal expression, thought, visual adornment, and song-composition.” Of these, PLOT is the most important.

What good things did Oedipus?

As a young man, Oedipus learned of his fate to kill his father and marry his mother. … Oedipus first demonstrated his ability to be a good leader in his helping the city escape the Sphinx. He continued his leadership in the same manner, doing good things for the city and winning esteem in the eyes of the citizens.

What is the most important element of tragedy?

After discussing the definition of tragedy, Aristotle explores various important parts of tragedy. He asserts that any tragedy can be divided into six constituent parts. They are: Plot, Character, Thought, Diction, Song and Spectacle. The Plot is the most important part of a tragedy.

What is the significance of pity and fear in tragedy?

While it is apparent that the emotions (fear and pity) associated with the events in a tragedy are felt by the audience, it is probable that Aristotle understood pity and fear to be qualities of the action or events themselves. As the drama completes itself, it is the action that is purged of these emotional qualities.

What role does pity and fear play in your overall assessment of Oedipus?

We certainly feel both pity and fear for Oedipus. We pity him because he is a good man, a good king, and a good husband and father. … We pity Oedipus’s search for truth because it leads to suffering. Oedipus voraciously plays the role of prosecutor, defense, judge, and jury in his own trial to find his father’s murderer.

How does tragedy arouse pity and fear?

The aim of tragedy, Aristotle writes, is to bring about a “catharsis” of the spectators — to arouse in them sensations of pity and fear, and to purge them of these emotions so that they leave the theater feeling cleansed and uplifted, with a heightened understanding of the ways of gods and men.

How does Oedipus evoke pity and fear?

We pity him because he is a good man, a good king, and a good husband and father. … He is so good, in fact, that he suffers from hubris (excessive pride). We pity that, like Oedipus, our search to uncover our identities will lead to tragedy.

What are the four types of tragedy?

(5) There are four distinct kinds of tragedy, and the poet should aim at bringing out all the important parts of the kind he chooses. First, there is the complex tragedy, made up of peripeteia and anagnorisis; second, the tragedy of suffering; third, the tragedy of character; and fourth, the tragedy of spectacle.

What is the purpose of tragedy?

Tragedy imitates action and action causes spectators to experience emotions; we may speculate, then, that Aristotle supposes that tragedy aims at the emotional effects of real actions on those who see them. But mimesis has its own characteristic effects as well: learning and pleasure.

What is tragedy and example?

In a literary sense, tragedy refers to a specific plot line. … Examples of Tragedy: Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy. The two young lovers meet and fall in love, but because of the age-old feud between their families, they are destined for misfortune.

What makes a tragedy a tragedy?

Tragedy, branch of drama that treats in a serious and dignified style the sorrowful or terrible events encountered or caused by a heroic individual. By extension the term may be applied to other literary works, such as the novel.

Why is tragedy beautiful?

One of the explanation of why we feels the sense of beautiful. … We may feels happiness if emotions finally ‘catharsis’, just like the feelings after crying or vomit. From this perspective, tragedy may accumulate our negative emotions and let them ‘catharsis’ in the end, which gives us pleasure. See Catharsis.

What does catharsis mean?

the purging of the emotions or relieving of emotional tensions, especially through certain kinds of art, as tragedy or music. Medicine/Medical. purgation.

What makes a good tragedy?

Definitions: Feel Good Tragedy – A story in which your protagonist(s) lose, but which does not lead to a negative response or emotional state in your story’s audience. Feel Bad Tragedy – A story in which your protagonist(s) lose, and this is upsetting for your story’s audience.