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What we’re reading: How content moderation defines tech platforms

We know that Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat, and all the other social media platforms “moderate” the content users post, typically aiming to remove material that violates either a host country’s law or the platform’s own standards.



What we're reading How content moderation defines tech platforms

We know that Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat, and all the other social media platforms “moderate” the content users post, typically aiming to remove material that violates either a host country’s law or the platform’s own standards.

The big picture: Moderation is usually understood to be the onerous and thankless cleanup task that these social media giants have had to shoulder as they scaled up to global ubiquity. But the choices companies make about what to delete and who to boot is actually central to their identities, argues scholar Tarleton Gillespie in a new book on the subject.

Gillespie’s title, “Custodians of the Internet,” points to the ambivalence about the labor of content moderation that’s shared by platforms and users. “Custodians” are workers responsible for maintenance and cleanup; they’re also keepers of a trust, protectors of a person, place, or institution.

Somebody’s got to do it: Either way, it’s a tough job — and one that the platform companies prefer to keep mostly out of view. That serves their desire to be seen as neutral arbiters of what’s fit to post.

  • But it’s increasingly untenable in a world where the platforms have become essential public forums, and where their choices affect livelihoods, elections, and even life or death.

Edge cases: Gillespie assembles a rogue’s gallery of the toughest challenges in the annals of moderation:

  • The celebrated Vietnam-war news photo of a crying, naked girl running down a road after a napalm attack, which Facebook moderators repeatedly removed for violating the rules against underage nudity.
  • The long-running fight between Facebook and breastfeeding mothers who wished to post photos but ran afoul of a “no nipples” rule.
  • Violent images used in terrorist recruiting pitches are taken down, but similar images in news coverage (or scholarship about terrorism) may then also face censorship.

Both Twitter and Facebook have faced persistent problems by not being strict enough to satisfy users who have been harassed, yet still triggering outrage from other users who feel they’ve been censored.

To sort out such dilemmas, social networks typically employ several tiers of labor:

  • a small cadre of company employees who set policy and deal with the toughest calls;
  • larger pools of contractors, overseas workers, and gig-economy laborers who process images and posts at punishing speed;
  • and the entire base of users, who end up on volunteer community patrol as they flag objectionable content with a click.

All this work is an after-thought to the social networks, which devote their resources to building products and selling ads. But marginalizing moderation has only helped mire Facebook, Twitter, and the rest of the social-network business in a swamp of controversy and complaint.

Why it matters: Moderation, the promise that an online space will be managed and made to conform to some set of rules narrower than those that prevail on the open web, isn’t a sideshow at all. It’s what makes platforms unique, Gillespie argues — different both from publishers who create content and from common-carrier internet service providers who simply transmit it.

The boundaries platforms set on expression are how they distinguish themselves from one another, creating different kinds of spaces with different formal rules and social practices. “Custodians of the Internet” makes a strong case that Facebook and its competitors should start to treat moderation as a defining service rather than a necessary evil.


Source: AXIOS

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The Importance of Technology in Education 2018 (10 Purposes)

What is the importance of technology in education?



importance of technology in education

What is the importance of technology in education?

Importance of Technology in Education – Technology can upgrade connections amongst educators and students. At the point when instructors viably incorporate Technology into branches of knowledge, educators develop into parts of the guide, content master, and mentor. Technology helps make educating and adapting more significant and fun.

There are endless reasons why Technology is a key part of learning in the schools. In any case, Technology is all over the place; and all together for our understudies to get by in post-auxiliary training and the business world, they should know the importance of technology in education.

10 purposes behind the importance of Technology in education:

1. Student requests it

Understudies are connecting with Technology always outside of the classroom. Children get a kick out of the chance to be intelligent, and learning through Technology has now turned into a piece of their way of life.

2. New instructors are requesting it

The Technology development has been actualized in post-optional instruction and other expert employment. For new instructors, Technology is viewed as a need for the learning condition.

3. Children are the advanced local

Children know Technology superior to general grown-ups. It has turned into the most straightforward way they learn, in light of the fact that it is such a fundamental piece of their life.

Drawing in with Technology in the classroom has helped them learn better, as well as obtain multi-entrusting aptitudes. At this day in age, they barely know how to learn without it. This information is critical, on the grounds that they would be a path behind in reality without it.

4. Children can learn at their own pace

We know from long periods of experience that children learn at their own particular pace, yet once in a while, the conventional classroom makes it hard to do as such.

With the combination of Technology in instruction, kids can back off and return over exercises and ideas, and further developed children can proceed. It likewise arranges for the educator to help kids on a more one-on-one level.

5. With Technology, there are no confinements

Approaching other data outside of the book gives understudies various approaches to take in an idea. Educators can concoct innovative approaches to instruct their understudies that keep them locked in.

Technology has changed the learning condition so learning is more involved. Schools all through the country are differing in wage, and frequently kids don’t generally get the assets they require. The execution of innovation in schools enables close that to hole.

6. Innovation can upgrade connections amongst educators and understudies

At the point when educators successfully coordinate Technology into branches of knowledge, instructors develop into parts of the guide, content master, and mentor.

Technology helps make educating and adapting more significant and fun. Understudies are additionally ready to team up with their own cohorts through mechanical applications.

7. Testing has gone on the web

One convention that schools don’t have control over yet should adjust to, is internet trying. Testing on the web is the method for the future, however, it has a considerable measure of favorable circumstances.

Surveying understudies’ execution should be possible in a split second with Technology. Past observing test scores progressively, educators can all the more likely track and comprehend understudies’ grip of the subject.

8. A large number of assets

PCs, tablets, and different types of Technology bring various assets for the educator that is not in the book. They not just keep understudies connected with energizing new highlights and applications, yet in addition have different approaches to show understudies material. Each child adapts in an unexpected way, and Technology assists with this hole also.

9. Technology keeps kids locked in

The understudies of this age are viewed as mechanical students. They learn best being more intelligent, and Technology is the thing that encourages them to do that.

Youngsters frequently battle to keep focused or intrigued, and with assets to encourage the instructor, they can all the more likely remain centered and learn speedier.

10. Technology is important to prevail outside of essential and optional instruction

In any case, Technology is a fundamental idea to learn. Since it changes so immediately, youngsters are in an ideal situation finding out about it sooner. It is an essential piece of each industry, and there is no chance to get around it.

Nowadays, innovation implies something beyond learning fundamental registering aptitudes. Technology has influenced itself to some portion of each part of our lives today, and the understudies who comprehend it are the ones who prevail in the business world.

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Amazon might be working on another phone

A report indicates that a prototype is being developed.



Amazon might be working on another phone

It looks as though Amazon is thinking about reentering the phone market. During the company’s presentation, yesterday at the Television Critics Association press tour — in which Amazon released a slew of updates regarding some of its upcoming television projects — Amazon Studio head Jen Salke was asked if the company was working on a new phone, according to TheWrap. She indicated that she’s not only seen a prototype with a new interface but that she has one in her office.

Salke, who manages the company’s growing studio efforts, says that she hasn’t “felt an urgency to put a deadline on it,” and that the company “had a prototype phone that showed me the interface that they’re working on that’s about to be — that’s in the middle of being developed and coming soon.”

She went on to say that she criticized some of what she saw, and says that “they actually created and sent me a prototype phone that’s in my office” and described the phone as being intuitive to use. There’s no indication of any sort of timeline or even if the company will produce such a phone, or if it’s just experimenting with one. We’ve reached out to Amazon for comment.

Amazon has been in the hardware business for over a decade now: its Kindle is a mainstay for readers, and its Fire tablet has found success since it was launched in 2011. In 2014, the company made a short-lived foray into the phone business with its Fire Phone, only to get axed a year later after poor reviews.

There have been other hints as well: last week, the company released its quarterly earnings report, revealing that the company turned a profit of $2.5 billion dollars in the second quarter. One line in the report, that the company wants its “customers to be able to use Alexa wherever they are,” excited some analysts, fueling speculation that the company could be looking to re-enter the phone market with a new device.

One of the criticisms of the Fire Phone was its user interface — its three-pane structure was described as fun and useful, but that it was hampered by “unintuitive, convoluted navigation.” Salke’s hint that Amazon is working closely on figuring out a more intuitive interface seems like the company is learning from its previous mistakes.

Given Amazon’s efforts to dominate not only the retail market, as well as its efforts to elbow its way into a prominent position in the streaming video market, having a device where a Prime member can watch its content from anywhere makes sense — provided whatever it produces can stand up against its competitors that already dominate the market.


Source: The Verge

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Android users can now get YouTube’s dark mode



Android users can now get YouTube’s dark mode
Illustration by Alex Castro / The Verge

In March, YouTube revealed that it was releasing a dark mode for its mobile apps, starting with its iOS version. Now, Android users are beginning to get the feature on their apps.

YouTube added a dark mode to its desktop site last year, and the company says that it became one of the most requested features for its apps. 9to5Google reports that the feature began rolling out yesterday, notifying users with a prompt. It also says that it can be turned on and off in the app’s settings.


Source: The Verge


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